Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced alcohol fuel made from plant material, such as corn, sugar cane, or grasses. Using ethanol can reduce oil dependence and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Ethanol fuel use in the U.S. has increased dramatically from about 1.7 billion gallons in 2001 to about 14.4 billion in 2016. 1
Ethanol , also called alcohol , ethyl alcohol , and drinking alcohol , is a chemical compound , a simple alcohol with the chemical formula C
5 OH . Its formula can be written also as CH
3 − CH
2 − OH or C
5 − OH (an ethyl group linked to a hydroxyl group), and is often abbreviated as EtOH . Ethanol is a volatile , flammable , colorless liquid with a slight characteristic odor. It is a psychoactive substance and is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks .